Question: ‘Dialogue and not violence can resolve situations of conflict and injustice.’ Prove the statement with reference to the lesson Indigo. [CBSE Sample Paper 2016]
Answer: Gandhiji met Rajkumar Shukla, a poor peasant from Champaran at Lucknow. Shukla wanted Gandhiji to come to Champaran to help the poor sharecroppers who were compelled by the British to grow indigo on 15 % of their land and part with it as rent. Since the development of synthetic indigo, the cultivation of indigo had become a waste. The landlords wanted sharecroppers to sign agreements to pay them compensation to be freed from the 15 per cent arrangement. Understanding the problem Gandhiji wanted to meet the secretary of the British Landlord’s Association but he was refused. Then he tried to meet the Commissioner of Tirhut who bullied him and ordered him to leave. However, he defied the order and organized a gathering of the peasants around the court. Gandhiji proved that British power was no longer unchangeable. The authorities got afraid and postponed the case. Gandhiji was released on bail. He inspired the lawyers to fight for justice for the sharecroppers. The case was dropped and Gandhi agreed to a 25% refund as was agreed by landlords. Finally, indigo sharecropping was abandoned and land was given to peasants. This became the first success of the Non-cooperation movement for Gandhiji.
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- How can we transform and clean an evil-doing person? Give example from the story
- Have you known/heard of an episode where a good deed or an act of kindness has changed a person’s view of the world?
- The story ‘The Rattrap’ focuses on human loneliness and the need to bond with others. Explain
- The story also focuses on human loneliness and the need to bond with others
- Why did the crofter repose confidence in the peddler? How did the peddler betray that and with what consequences?
- How did the peddler betray the confidence reposed in him by the crofter in ‘The Rattrap’?
- Edla proved to be much more persuasive than her father while dealing with the peddler. Comment.
- The peddler declined the invitation of the ironmaster but accepted the one from Edla. Why?
- Describe the peddler’s meeting with the ironmaster. Why did he decline his invitation?
- Attempt a character sketch of the peddler in the story ‘The Rattrap’
- The peddler enjoys the sympathy of readers right from the beginning of the story. Draw a character sketch of the peddler justifying the sympathy he generates among the readers.
- Do you think the title ‘The Rattrap’ is appropriate? Give examples from the text in support of your view
- Describe the events which led to the change in the peddler’s way of life
- 'All' we have to fear is fear itself. When did Douglas learn this lesson?
- What deep meaning did his experience at the YMCA swimming pool have for Douglas?
- Mention any two long term consequences of the drowning incident on Douglas
- How did the instructor turn Douglas into a swimmer?
- What efforts did Douglas make to get over his fear of water?
- Why did Douglas go to Lake Wentworth in New Hampshire? How did he make his terror flee?
- Which factors led Douglas to decide in favour of the Y.M.C.A. pool?
- Why did Douglas go to Lake Wentworth in New Hampshire?
- What sort of terror seized Douglas as he went down the water with a yellow glow? How could he feel that he was still alive?
- When Douglas realised that he was sinking, how did he plan to save himself?