‘Dialogue and not violence can resolve situations of conflict and injustice.’ Prove the statement with reference to the lesson Indigo. [CBSE Sample Paper 2016]

Question: ‘Dialogue and not violence can resolve situations of conflict and injustice.’ Prove the statement with reference to the lesson Indigo. [CBSE Sample Paper 2016]

Answer: Gandhiji met Rajkumar Shukla, a poor peasant from Champaran at Lucknow. Shukla wanted Gandhiji to come to Champaran to help the poor sharecroppers who were compelled by the British to grow indigo on 15 % of their land and part with it as rent. Since the development of synthetic indigo, the cultivation of indigo had become a waste. The landlords wanted sharecroppers to sign agreements to pay them compensation to be freed from the 15 per cent arrangement. Understanding the problem Gandhiji wanted to meet the secretary of the British Landlord’s Association but he was refused. Then he tried to meet the Commissioner of Tirhut who bullied him and ordered him to leave. However, he defied the order and organized a gathering of the peasants around the court. Gandhiji proved that British power was no longer unchangeable. The authorities got afraid and postponed the case. Gandhiji was released on bail. He inspired the lawyers to fight for justice for the sharecroppers. The case was dropped and Gandhi agreed to a 25% refund as was agreed by landlords. Finally, indigo sharecropping was abandoned and land was given to peasants. This became the first success of the Non-cooperation movement for Gandhiji.


Question: ‘Dialogue and not violence can resolve situations of conflict and injustice.’ Prove the statement with reference to the lesson Indigo. [CBSE Sample Paper 2016]


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