Explain why is it said that principles of management are 'mainly behavioural' and 'contingent' in nature. Also, explain how principles of management 'provides managers with useful insights into reality and 'helps in thoughtful decision-making.
Answer: Principles of management are 'mainly behavioural', 'contingent' in nature and 'provides managers with useful insights into reality and 'helps in thoughtful decision-making. These points have been explained below.
1). Mainly behavioural: The principles of management are 'mainly behavioural' in nature as management principles aim at influencing the behaviour of individuals, and their applicability varies as per human nature. Besides this, these principles provide an understanding of the relationship between individuals and material resources so that organisational objectives can be achieved.
2). Contingent: Management principles are also contingent in nature as they can be used in different situations depending upon the nature of the manager and the requirement of the situation.
3). Provides managers with useful insights into reality: Principles of Management are based on years of experimentation and experience. Thus, these principles guide managers, when they face real-life problems. Managers can use them in different situations to solve recurring problems.
4). Helps in thoughtful decision-making: Decisions regarding management should be taken carefully. They should be based on reasons and proofs rather than beliefs and ignorance. As principles of management were developed from real-life problems so, they stand the test of logic and reasoning. Thus, principles of management help the managers in making logical decisions that are free from personal bias.
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