Question: How did the 18th-century artists begin personifying a nation in an allegory?
Answer: In the 18th and 19th-century, artists began personifying a nation in an allegory. It means artists personified nation as a female figure not as a woman of real life but as a figure with physical existence and in concrete form. Thus, nation personified as a female figure became an allegory.
NOTE: Allegory is the term given to the story, poem or to a picture or to the feeling when its hidden meaning is revealed through personifying it. Here, the nation is personified as a person.