Question: Exploitation is a universal phenomenon. The poor indigo farmers were exploited by the British landlords to which Gandhiji objected. Even after our independence, we find exploitation in the unorganised labour sector. What values do we learn from Gandhiji’s campaign to counter the present-day problems of exploitation? [CBSE Delhi 2013]
Answer: The weak are exploited and the strong prey on them is a universal fact. In the case of the poor illiterate indigo farmers, they were exploited by the British landlords. Gandhiji objected to it and freed the farmers from the agreement and brought an end to indigo sharecropping. In his manner of tackling the issue, he went stepwise:
(1) he gathered information
(2) fearlessly he stated his points
(3) in the final negotiations he did not bother about the money;
it was the submission of the opponent’s pride and prestige. Similarly, we can proceed with such issues as Gandhiji’s method of solving the problem has a universality about it. Today we can follow it this way: one must be fully aware of one’s weaknesses and must try to overcome them, find ways of getting justice, never give in to any kind of exploitation, if trapped try to come out of it wisely, get united when in trouble and seek help. Do not compromise your self-respect, values or dignity at any cost. Try to come out of the darkness of ignorance as soon as possible. Mistakes once made, must not be repeated.
- What ideology does Aunt Jennifer’s poem propound?
- Greed is the greatest evil force that has tempted man into doing a lot of misdeeds
- How can we transform and clean an evil-doing person? Give example from the story
- Have you known/heard of an episode where a good deed or an act of kindness has changed a person’s view of the world?
- The story ‘The Rattrap’ focuses on human loneliness and the need to bond with others. Explain
- The story also focuses on human loneliness and the need to bond with others
- Why did the crofter repose confidence in the peddler? How did the peddler betray that and with what consequences?
- How did the peddler betray the confidence reposed in him by the crofter in ‘The Rattrap’?
- Edla proved to be much more persuasive than her father while dealing with the peddler. Comment.
- The peddler declined the invitation of the ironmaster but accepted the one from Edla. Why?
- Describe the peddler’s meeting with the ironmaster. Why did he decline his invitation?
- Attempt a character sketch of the peddler in the story ‘The Rattrap’
- The peddler enjoys the sympathy of readers right from the beginning of the story. Draw a character sketch of the peddler justifying the sympathy he generates among the readers.
- Do you think the title ‘The Rattrap’ is appropriate? Give examples from the text in support of your view
- Describe the events which led to the change in the peddler’s way of life
- 'All' we have to fear is fear itself. When did Douglas learn this lesson?
- What deep meaning did his experience at the YMCA swimming pool have for Douglas?
- Mention any two long term consequences of the drowning incident on Douglas
- How did the instructor turn Douglas into a swimmer?
- What efforts did Douglas make to get over his fear of water?
- Why did Douglas go to Lake Wentworth in New Hampshire? How did he make his terror flee?
- Which factors led Douglas to decide in favour of the Y.M.C.A. pool?
- Why did Douglas go to Lake Wentworth in New Hampshire?
- What sort of terror seized Douglas as he went down the water with a yellow glow? How could he feel that he was still alive?
- When Douglas realised that he was sinking, how did he plan to save himself?