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Why did Rajkumar Shukla invite Gandhiji to Champaran? How did Gandhiji solve the problem of the indigo farmers? [CBSE (AI) 2013]

Question: Why did Rajkumar Shukla invite Gandhiji to Champaran? How did Gandhiji solve the problem of the indigo farmers? [CBSE (AI) 2013]

Answer: Rajkumar Shukla was a poor peasant from Champaran. Under an old agreement, the peasants were compelled by the British to grow indigo on 15% of their land and part with it as rent. For this, Rajkumar Shukla had been advised to speak to Gandhiji who he was told, would be able to do something about their problem. The landlords had learned that Germany had developed synthetic indigo. They forced the sharecroppers to sign agreements to pay them compensation to be freed from the 15 per cent arrangement. The sharecroppers, who refused, engaged lawyers. The information about synthetic indigo reached the peasants who had signed the agreements. They wanted their money back. Gandhiji organised a gathering of the peasants at Motihari around the court. This was the beginning of their liberation from fear of the British. Though Gandhiji co-operated with the British and regulated the crowd, but it was clear proof that their might could be challenged. He inspired the lawyers to fight for justice for the sharecroppers. After the inquiry committee’s report, the peasants expected the entire sum of money as a refund, but Gandhiji asked for 50% only. He was offered a refund of 25%. Gandhiji accepted it. According to Gandhiji, at that stage, money was less important. The landlords had to surrender their prestige and the peasants realised that they too had rights. This was their first lesson in courage. This is how their problem was solved.


Question: Why did Rajkumar Shukla invite Gandhiji to Champaran? How did Gandhiji solve the problem of the indigo farmers? [CBSE (AI) 2013]


More Question-

  1. What ideology does Aunt Jennifer’s poem propound?
  2. Greed is the greatest evil force that has tempted man into doing a lot of misdeeds
  3. How can we transform and clean an evil-doing person? Give example from the story
  4. Have you known/heard of an episode where a good deed or an act of kindness has changed a person’s view of the world?
  5. The story ‘The Rattrap’ focuses on human loneliness and the need to bond with others. Explain
  6. The story also focuses on human loneliness and the need to bond with others
  7. Why did the crofter repose confidence in the peddler? How did the peddler betray that and with what consequences?
  8. How did the peddler betray the confidence reposed in him by the crofter in ‘The Rattrap’?
  9. Edla proved to be much more persuasive than her father while dealing with the peddler. Comment.
  10. The peddler declined the invitation of the ironmaster but accepted the one from Edla. Why?
  11. Describe the peddler’s meeting with the ironmaster. Why did he decline his invitation?
  12. Attempt a character sketch of the peddler in the story ‘The Rattrap’
  13. The peddler enjoys the sympathy of readers right from the beginning of the story. Draw a character sketch of the peddler justifying the sympathy he generates among the readers.
  14. Do you think the title ‘The Rattrap’ is appropriate? Give examples from the text in support of your view
  15. Describe the events which led to the change in the peddler’s way of life
  16. 'All' we have to fear is fear itself. When did Douglas learn this lesson?
  17. What deep meaning did his experience at the YMCA swimming pool have for Douglas?
  18. Mention any two long term consequences of the drowning incident on Douglas
  19. How did the instructor turn Douglas into a swimmer?
  20. What efforts did Douglas make to get over his fear of water?
  21. Why did Douglas go to Lake Wentworth in New Hampshire? How did he make his terror flee?
  22. Which factors led Douglas to decide in favour of the Y.M.C.A. pool?
  23. Why did Douglas go to Lake Wentworth in New Hampshire?
  24. What sort of terror seized Douglas as he went down the water with a yellow glow? How could he feel that he was still alive?
  25. When Douglas realised that he was sinking, how did he plan to save himself?

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