Which factors helped the fear-stricken peasants of Champaran to achieve freedom? [CBSE (F) 2010]

Question: Which factors helped the fear-stricken peasants of Champaran to achieve freedom? [CBSE (F) 2010]

Answer: There were several factors in which Gandhiji’s contribution was remarkable. The peasants were sharecroppers with the British planters. According to an old agreement, the peasants had to produce indigo on 15 per cent of the land and give it as rent to the landlords. Around 1917, it was told that Germany had developed synthetic indigo. So the British planters now no longer desired the indigo crop. To release the peasants from the old agreement, they demanded compensation from them. Most of the illiterate peasants agreed to it. However, others refused. Lawyers were engaged to go to the court. At that time, Gandhiji appeared in Champaran. He fought a long battle for the poor peasants for one year and managed to get justice for them. The peasants now became courageous and became aware of their rights. Along with the political and economic struggle, Gandhiji worked on the social level also. He made arrangements for the education, health and hygiene of the families of poor peasants by teaching the lesson of self-reliance. It was one of the ways to forward the struggle for Indian independence. The peasants now had courage. They believed that they had rights that they could defend. Gradually, the British planters left their estates. These estates now came back to the peasants. Indigo sharecropping disappeared for all times to come.


Question: Which factors helped the fear-stricken peasants of Champaran to achieve freedom? [CBSE (F) 2010]


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